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A Multipolar World? China’s Role in Central Asia (2011)

September 27, 2011

By Matt Johnson

Shanghai Cooperation Organization leaders

The Shanghai Cooperation organization is China’s weapon in Central Asia, one of the world’s most strategic regions. Her goal is to build a political and economic bloc to challenge the West.

As Marxism fled the Soviet Union, Central Asia became the next set of partially developed states to be sought by the major powers. Central Asia remains significant due to its oil and natural gas reserves, and, just as important, the pipelines from Russia and Iran crossing the area, dumping out in China to the east and the Syrian port cities in the west. Whoever controls this region will become one of the globe’s energy brokers. System-instigated riots in Syria have to do with a) eliminating Israel’s primary local enemy, armed by the Russians and b) take the important, Russian outfitted port cities such as Lattakia.

The Syrian port cities are some of the most significant elements in that economy and connect the Syrian economy to the Iranian and other states in Central Asia. Not only are these of immense strategic importance, but they are also ultra-modern due to Russian investment in its infrastructure. Israel began to publicly worry in the early 1990s as Russo-Syrian scientific and industrial teams discovered more and more sources of petroleum in this country once thought to be almost totally devoid of oil. The state run Syrian oil firms operate three major transport hubs, two on the Mediterranean and one at Lattakia. When Syria began supplying oil and gas to Lebanon, hence solidifying her importance over that strategic country, Israel responded with threats, and eventually, the creation of riots and “civic protests.” Since the Syrian transport hubs and oil firms were state owned, System economists in the US began speaking of the “building of civil society” in Syria. As the industry of Syria grew, Bashar al-Assad went from “reformer” to “tyrant” almost overnight.

One would think that these facts, while significant in themselves, would have nothing to do with China or Central Asia. But these are central facts for the creation of a new trading bloc. The US never made “war” on the USSR. Most Soviet electricity, oil production and electronics were supplied by the US and NATO during the “Cold War.” The US only got upset when the Soviets threatened to create a new bloc of trade run by her, and not the US and her banks. Separating China from the USSR was quickly considered an important priority during the Eisenhower administration and after. The US sought to build up China to use as a counterweight against any threat of an alternative, non-US controlled trading bloc. Throughout this period of the “Cold War,” US-USSR-China trade reached trillions of dollars. Soon, the US sponsored China’s introduction to the UN Security Council as Taiwan was reduced to a “rogue state.”

Syria and her important port cities became central for Chinese penetration into Central Asia. This is partially because Syria, Russia, Iran and Kazakhstan were basically allies of the new Chinese empire since the mid 1990s or so, seeing her as a means of helping create the multi-polar world necessary to eliminate American hegemony. Iran, Armenia and Russia have been in the sights of both the American neocon and neolib movements since the end of the “Cold War.” But as of 2011, the Regime sees its worst fears being realized: a manifest alliance of what Bush laughably called the “Axis of Evil,” which refers to those states who a) actually want to control their own economic destiny, b) are enemies of Israel and the US, and are c) non-liberal in their governments.

China crated the “Shanghai Cooperation Organization” in 2001 to institutionalize its role in Central Asia, and has Russia and most Central Asian states as members. Its purpose is to create the conditions for economic and military coordination and cooperation among its signatories and eventually, to create a single large trading bloc. Nothing could have been worse for the elites in industry, banking and oil in the west. A western world, largely bankrupt, is unable to defeat such a coalition militarily, diplomatically or economically. The only option was the media-academia alliance to pour scorn over these states and their tyranny. The west supplied weapons to Azerbaijan against Armenia, stoked civil unrest in Iran and Syria, and, according to NATO, is planning a suicidal military mission against Syria. Recent threats made by Iran against Azerbaijan are largely influenced by the strong Mossad/CIA presence in the former southern regions of the USSR.

Recent leaked documents speak volumes about the creation of an Islamic Central Asia by the CIA. The Turkish as well as Pakistani press reported on CIA activities in Turkey:

Last year, during an immigration court case involving Turkish Islamic Leader, Fetullah Gulen, US prosecutors exposed an illegal, covert, CIA operation involving the intentional Islamization of Central Asia. This operation has been ongoing since the fall of the Soviet Union in an ongoing Cold War to control the vast energy resources of the region – Uzbekistan, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan – estimated to be worth $3 trillion.

Recent Russian intelligence documents also say the same. In fact, a Pakistani newspaper said this recently about the situation:

FSB head Nikolay Patrushev has mentioned the names of these companies and foundations, saying, ‘The brotherhood engages in anti-Russian activities via two companies, Serhad and Eflak, as well as foundations such as Toros, Tolerans and Ufuk.’ Patrushev has accused the brotherhood of conducting pan-Turkish propaganda, of trying to convert Russian youths to Islam by sowing the seeds of enmity, and of engaging in certain lobbying activities. These companies and foundations have turned up in the internet site of Fethullah Gulen, alleged leader of the Nurcu religious community currently living in the United States who is a defendant in several court cases in Turkey, accused of engaging in anti-secularist activities.

It is reasonable to suppose that this money is being aimed at China as much as Russia.

Both the Chinese and the Russians are active in the region, but Russia has the upper hand due to the fact that the Central Asian states were at one time a part of the Soviet Union. Political science professor Chien-peng Chung writes that the Chinese government seeks influence, if not control, in this region to battle the “three evils” of international politics: fundamentalism, separatism and terror. Given the large Islamic populations of these areas, such fears are not entirely unjustified.

Former FBI translator Sybel Edmunds recent stated to a reporter:

Given the history, and the distrust of the West, the US realized that it couldn’t get direct control, and therefore would need to use a proxy to gain control quickly and effectively. Turkey was the perfect proxy; a NATO ally and a puppet regime. Turkey shares the same heritage/race as the entire population of Central Asia, the same language (Turkic), the same religion (Sunni Islam), and of course, the strategic location and proximity.

This started more than a decade-long illegal, covert operation in Central Asia by a small group in the US intent on furthering the oil industry and the Military Industrial Complex, using Turkish operatives, Saudi partners and Pakistani allies, furthering this objective in the name of Islam.

At the same time, the Chinese are very concerned about terror attacks in the west of the country, a part of China that is largely Islamic and underdeveloped. The Chinese government has regularly accused terror groups of coming into the country from Central Asia with a separatist agenda. The Chinese, according to Chien-peng Chung, are primarily concerned with a pan-Turkish nationalist movement that seeks a unified Central Asian superstate at the expense of Chinese territory and security. NATO, needless to say, lies at the root of this movement. Turkey is a NATO member, and separatist groups in western China have been on the CIA payroll for many decades.

Contributor to the journal Global Research, Andrew G. Marshall, writes the following in 2008 on the Anglo-American obsession with destabilizing the Middle East and Central Asia as the last-ditch attempt to save the eternally bankrupt West:

One of the main targets in this project is Iran, for which the US and Britain have engaged in massive acts of terror and orchestrating large battles and conflicts from within the already-failed state of Iraq. The Anglo-American role as terrorist supporters and as covertly orchestrating terror attacks within Iraq is amply documented. To imagine that these same Anglo-American intelligence and covert networks are not using their long-time conduit, the ISI, for the same purposes in Central Asia, is a stretch of the imagination and logic. It is not merely the Middle East that is the target, but Central Asia, specifically for its geographical relationship to the rising giants such as India and China. This also follows in line with Anglo-American strategies in destabilizing the Central European region, specifically the former Yugoslavia, and more recently, Georgia, largely in an effort to target Russia.

For their part, the Central Asian states seek their own interests. Uzbekistan loves the idea that two major powers are jockeying for position in the area, and seeks to balance the competing powers in the region in good Realist fashion. The United States also seeks influence in the region for the sake of “combating terrorism.” The Chinese see this as merely an excuse for intervention to control the transportation of oil and gas. To a great extent, both Russia and China would like to keep the United States out of the region permanently. The result has been strings of “color revolutions” backed by CIA money and, due to budget constraints, the contributions of Soros and company.

What worries the United States is an alliance among Russia, China and Iran. Not only would a formal alliance be immensely powerful, but very large territorially and potentially very wealthy. Such an alliance could, for better or worse, destroy American influence in the region and create an alternative oil producing and transport organization that could use its power against the west.

Ultimately, both China and Russia seek a Central Asia that they can at least influence, for the minimal project of keeping the Americans out. The creation of a “multipolar” world, where regional hegemons, rather than a single powerful economy, can exercise governance and influence in the worlds regions.

References:

Chung, Chien-peng. (2004) “The Shanghai Co-Operation Organization: China’s Changing Influence in Central Asia.” The China Quarterly, 2004: 989-1009

Marshall, Andrew Gavin (September 2008) “Political Destabilization in South and Central Asia: The Role of the CIA-ISI Terror Network.” Global Research

Kucera, Joshua (January 2011) “Is the CIA Infiltrating Central Asia Via Turkish Muslims?” EurasiaNet.

Edmunds, Sybel (2009) “Illegal CIA Operations Using Islam and Madrassas.” National Security Whistleblower Coalition.

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