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France sends Gypsies back to Romania

August 20, 2010

Dozens of Roma (Gypsies) have arrived back in Romania after being repatriated by France under a controversial policy backed by President Nicolas Sarkozy.

France’s Roma
  • Roughly 12,000 Roma migrated to France after Bulgaria and Romania’s accession to the EU

  • Many have no work permits, so live in camps and resort to begging

  • Separately, at least 400,000 people are designated “travellers”, mostly French nationals with Roma origins

Some 86 Roma left France and hundreds more will follow in the coming weeks after their camps were shut down.

The French government says it is a “decent and humane” policy of removing people from deplorable conditions.

But rights groups say the Roma are being demonised, and Romania has warned France against “xenophobic reactions”.

“We understand the position of the French government. At the same time, we support unconditionally the right of every Romanian citizen to travel without restrictions within the EU,” Romanian President Traian Basescu said.

However, Mr Basescu added that he was prepared to send police to France to help implement the repatriation scheme.

A deportee named Gabriel told the AFP news agency in Bucharest that life had been “very tough” in France, but he would not rule out returning because there was no work in Romania.

Another man said that in Romania “we don’t have any chance, no jobs, nothing”.

“Today, 86 people left France on the basis of what are called ‘voluntary returns’, 61 from Lyon on a special flight charted by the French Immigration and Integration Office, then 10 and 15 on two separate commercial flights from Roissy,” said Immigration Minister Eric Besson on Thursday.

Another 139 were due to be flown out on Friday, he said, and hundreds more by the end of the month.
Exploitation claims

The Roma are EU citizens, mostly from Romania or Bulgaria, but French law requires them to have a work permit and prove they have the means to support themselves if they intend to stay for more than three months.

They complain that the permits are difficult to get, and so they are often forced to live illegally.

Roma who agree to leave have each receive 300 euros (£246; $384) and an additional 100 euros for each child.

The French government says it plans to shut down 300 illegal Roma camps in the next three months.

The controversial plan was put in place after clashes last month between police and travellers in the southern city of Grenoble and the central town of Saint-Aignan.

The Roma were not involved in all of the trouble, but the government said travellers’ camps were sources of “illegal trafficking” and “exploitation of children for begging, of prostitution and crime”.

Some 51 camps have already been demolished by police and the residents have been moved into temporary shelters or accommodation.
Popularity booster?

The operation has been condemned by human rights groups, who say it is deliberately stigmatising a generally law-abiding section of society to win support among right-wing voters.

Last week, members of the UN’s Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination criticised the tone of political discourse in France on race issues, saying racism and xenophobia were undergoing a “significant resurgence” there.

But France has insisted that the actions “fully conform with European rules and do not in any way affect the freedom of movement for EU citizens, as defined by treaties”.

Foreign ministry spokesman Bernard Valero told AFP that an EU directive “expressly allows for restrictions on the right to move freely for reasons of public order, public security and public health”.

The European Commission said it would ensure none of the bloc’s rules were being broken.

France repatriated some 10,000 Roma last year and other European countries, including Germany, Italy, Denmark and Sweden pursued similar policies.

Mr Sarkozy’s political opponents have accused him of using the Roma issue to shift public attention away from corruption and on to crime.

The BBC’s Christian Fraser in Paris says that the president’s poll rating is sagging and there are some who accuse him of using the recent unrest to boost his own popularity.

Some of the Roma living in France are part of long-established communities of travelling people who are French nationals.

In addition, there are an estimated 12,000 Roma who are recent immigrants from Central Europe.

“Some of these families have been in France for five, seven or 10 years and 300 euros is not enough to help them settle in Romania. They will return in the coming weeks,” Malik Salemkour, the vice-president of the French Human Rights League, told the Reuters news agency.

Source: BBC.

Comments

2 Responses to “France sends Gypsies back to Romania”

  1. Akira on August 21st, 2010 10:40 pm

    “Funny” that Gypsies who are EU citizens are deported, but non-EU citizens — mostly Arabs, Turks and Black Africans — live by the millions in France.

    The Gypsies might also have a point when they say they are denied work and residence permits they are entitled to. Many French government offices refuse to issue permits that foreign EU citizens are entitled to by law.

    Sarkojuif saw an easy target to make him look “tough on crime” and “opposed to illegal immigrants”.

    There are many Hungarian Jews in France too.

    I guess he figured if they were shipped back to Hungary, it might get the French to wondering why some Hungarians are unwelcome while others get to be president.

  2. Akira on August 21st, 2010 10:41 pm

    Sorry, corrction:

    “There are many Hungarian GYPSIES in France too.”

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