May 14, 2009
Matt Johnson discusses Ivan IV “the Terrible” of Russia (1530 – 1584):
- Ivan was a major reformer
- Ivan was popular with the lower classes
- Ivan broke the back of the oligarchy permanently
- “Terrible” (Russian: “Грозный”) means extraordinary and powerful, not evil as in the modern English usage
- Ivan was one of the longest reigning monarchs in European history (his reign lasted from 1533-1584)
13 MB / 32 kbps mono / 0 hour 57 min.